What Is Koshi Agreement

Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve is located in the floodplains of the Saptkoshi River in eastern Terai. It covers an area of 175 km2 (68 square miles), consisting of grasslands and forests of the Khair Sissoo River. It was founded in 1976 and declared a Ramsar site in 1987. The reserve provides habitat for pig deer, spotted deer, wild boars, blue bulls, gaurs, smooth-haired otters, jackals, 485 species of birds, including 114 species of waterfowl, 200 species of fish, 24 species of reptiles and 11 species of amphibians. [28] The last surviving population of wild water buffaloes in Nepal is in the reserve, as are the Ganges dolphins, the marsh frankolin and the red-billed prinia. [30] A small population of endangered Bengali florikan is present along the Koshi River. [31] There are also recordings of discussions of white-throated bush and Finn`s weaver. The bristly grass bird breeds in the reserve. [32] The reserve, along with the Koshi Dam, has been identified as one of 27 important bird areas in Nepal. [33] (ii) The Government is entitled to the payment of Union fees for stones, gravel and gravel originating in the territory of Nepal and used for the construction and future maintenance of the dam and other related works, at rates to be determined below as agreed. Regmee said the border dispute will not have an immediate impact on Koshi`s flood management. The Bihar government cannot slow down flood protection activities as the river will cause chaos in the state, he said.

“But they still haven`t been able to work effectively over the years. Every year they come and they leave; they are only partially completing the term,” Regmee said. “What we have done in the seven decades since the agreement may have minimized the risk of flooding in the Koshi, but we have not yet found a definitive solution.” The third pole was aimed at Indian workers who were applying flood protection measures in Nepal, including Prakash Das, chief engineer, and Sanjay Kumar Verma, assistant engineer. They did not dismiss the complaints, but declined to comment. They also said the main concern was flood protection, not the coordination or involvement of people. That said, her team would do what she was hired to do and make sure there would be no more erosion or flooding in the area. Shital Babu Regmee, Nepal`s former minister of water resources, said Bihar government officials were unaware of the role of local authorities because Nepal`s federal structure had changed since the agreement was signed. “Since then, the agreement has not been changed, so why should Bihar representatives consult with residents?” Regmee stated and stressed the need to revise the agreement. 17. ARBITRATION.

– If any questions, differences or objections arise in any way whatsoever concerning or arising out of this Agreement or the meaning or operation of any part thereof or the rights, obligations or responsibilities of either party, with the exception of decisions on a matter otherwise provided for above, each of these matters shall be referred to two persons for arbitration – one by the Government and the other by the The decision is final. and binding on condition that, in the event of disagreement between the two arbitrators, they refer the matter to the disputed arbitrator appointed jointly by the two arbitrators before he is included in the request for a preliminary ruling. The Kosi or Koshi (Hindi: कोसी, kosī, Nepali: कोशी, koshī) is a cross-border river that flows through Tibet, Nepal and India. It drains the northern slopes of the Himalayas in Tibet and the southern slopes in Nepal. From a large confluence of tributaries north of the Chatra Gorge, the Kosi River is also known as saptakoshi (Nepali: सप्तकोशी, saptakoshī) for its seven upper tributaries. These include the Tamor River, which has its source in the Kanchenjunga region to the east, as well as the Arun and Sun Kosi Rivers of Tibet. The tributaries of the Sun Koshi from east to west are Dudh Koshi, Bhote Koshi, Tamakoshi River, Likhu Khola and Indravati. The Saptakoshi flows through northern Bihar, India, where it turns into distributors before joining the Ganges at Kursela in Katihar district. [1] This Agreement was concluded on the twenty-fifth day of April 1954 between the Government of the Kingdom of Nepal (hereinafter referred to as the “Government”) and the Government of India (hereinafter referred to as the “Union”). Very few people are aware of the revision of the Gandak and Kosi Treaties.

The Treaty of Gandak was revised in 1964. After this revision, the restriction on the use of Gandak water on Nepalese territory was significantly relaxed. Then our government of the day succeeded in obtaining the revision of the Kosi Treaty. The revised Kosi Treaty of 1966 is a landmark treaty that gives Nepal the absolute right to use all water from the Sun-Kosi and Kosi rivers in any way possible. Thus, India has fully recognized Nepal`s absolute right to use the entire Kosi River and its tributaries. Nilam Khanal, the mayor of Barahakshetra municipality, said: “When the Indian side built cement pigs, they didn`t consult us.” He said local representatives should be consulted as they are more aware of what is needed in the region. “Sometimes porcupines built on one side cause erosion on the other side of the river,” Khanal added. The National Flood Control Policy of 1954 (after the catastrophic floods of 1954 in much of the Kosi River basin) provided for flood control through a series of dams, dams and river practices.

The Kosi project was therefore designed (based on surveys between 1946 and 1955) in three continuously interconnected phases – the first was a dam to anchor the river, which had migrated about 120 km (75 miles) westward over the past 250 years to devastate a vast area in northern Bihar and provide irrigation and energy benefits to Nepal and India. The second part was to build dams both below and above the dam to keep the river in the defined channel. The third part provided for a high multi-purpose dam in Nepal near Barakshetra to provide both countries with a significant flood cushion as well as great benefits in terms of irrigation and electricity. It was followed by the Kosi Agreement between Nepal and India, signed on 25 April 1954 and revised on 19 December 1966, to address Nepal`s concerns. In other letters of exchange to the agreement between the two countries, additional systems for the provision of benefits for irrigation have been established. While the first two parts of the plan were implemented by the Indian government, the Kosi High Dam, the linchpin of the entire plan, ruled out action for several years for various political reasons, but has since been relaunched in a modified form for further investigation and study as part of a new deal (1,2,3,4 & 5). 6. LICENSE FEES. India was responsible for compensating land acquired in Nepal, as well as for any damage caused by the construction of the dam. He was also responsible for the design, construction and operation of the project.

Nepal claimed that the agreement had been distorted in terms of the benefits enjoyed by both countries. In terms of irrigation, for example, only 29,000 hectares in Nepal benefited from it, while the dam had the capacity to irrigate 1.5 million hectares. .